Some Important Sections of the Road Transport Act 1987 A Driver Should Know
The Road Transport Act (RTO) 1987 has often been mentioned quite frequently in our articles. Like a good Muslim where knowledge of the Syariah Law is important, a motorist should be well versed with the Road Transport Act 1987.
Today’s article will focus on some of the important sections which a driver should be aware of.
Section 26 (1) of the RTO reiterates that no one is allowed to drive a vehicle without a valid license.
Section 26 (2) further goes on to say that those who contravene the above said law is liable to be fined. For this, a driver can be summoned RM150 in a court of law.
The same applies to driving with an expired driving license and non possession of a driving license.
Some readers ask is it an offence not having a license if stopped by the police of J.P.J?
The answer is “yes”. Therefore, make certain you have your driving license with you prior to leaving your house.
Many motorists are unaware that it is an offence to drive underage. The minimum age for driving cars is 17. For motor, it is 16. Drivers who are underage contravene Section 39 of the RTO. A RM1000 awaits you. You can even be given a 6 months imprisonment or both.
This offence is in fact a court case offense. It means an offender has to appear before a magistrate. It cannot be compounded.
A reader rather recently wrote in to this blog to inquire regarding “speeding”. This seems to be a major problem with many motorists. As such, I feel its pertinent this problem be addressed.
Section 69 (1A) talks about the question of speeding. Below are some important facts about speeding which you ought to know:
i) Excess of 40 km/h – RM300 fine
ii) 26 km/h – 40km/h – RM200 fine
iii) 1km/h – 25 km/h – RM100 fine
The above applies to all national roads across the entire nation.
A “P” driver caught speeding can be given 10 Demerit Points. His or her license can be suspended.
To drive carelessly or with undue care, and if you cause death, you can expect to be slapped with Section 41 of the RTO 1987. This is a court case summons. For this, you could get a mandatory jail sentence of 2 to 10 years jail or fined a total of RM500 to RM2000. Your license could also be suspended too.
However, if one is to drive dangerously and with undue care, but not causing death, you will be charged under Section 42. Mandatory jail sentence of 1 day to 5 years awaits you. A RM500 to RM15,000 fine also awaits you.
You will be charged under Section 43 if you should drive dangerously and with undue care, but no death is caused. This court case incident carries a no jail sentence but a RM4000 – RM10,000 fine failing which you can expect to be jailed not more than 12 months.
Let’s now come to the more serious charges under the RTO 1978.
Section 44 is driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol. It is in fact a :
i) Court case incident.
ii) Mandatory imprisonment 3 to 10 years.
iii) Fine of RM8000 – RM20,000.
iv) Your driving license can be suspended.
To commit drunk driving is to contravene Section 45 of the RTO 1978. The fine is RM500 or 1 month’s prison sentence.
For the 2nd offence, one gets a fine of RM1000 and a 3 months imprisonment or both.
And finally, the most famous of all summonses, Section 81 RTO 1987 – Merempit Motor or illegal racing among youths today.
For this, the fines imposed are:
i) A fine of RM2000.
ii) 6 months imprisonment or both.
iii) 6 months imprisonment and your license can be suspended for one year.
The above are some of the important sections of the Road Transport Act 1978, which as a driver, you are expected to be aware of.
Take good note of it, as knowledge of it could make you a better driver.
In the forthcoming articles, the possibility of highlighting other important aspects of Sections of the Road Transport Act 1978 will be made.