Soal samada lampu depan kenderaan jenis “H.I.D” (High Intensity Discharge) sah digunakan di Malaysia ataupun tidak sudah lama dipertikaikan. Lampu jenis tersebut di atas atau “xenon” telah digunakan dengan “leluasa” pada masa kini.
Untuk pengetahuan para pembaca blog ini, saya merupakan penceramah Kursus Pendidikan Pemandu atau K.P.P buat lebih daripada 20 tahun. Masih tertingat saya, sewaktu dilawat oleh seorang “perinyu” dari pejabat JPJ Negari Selangor, saya telah menanya pegawai tersebut di atas suatu soalan.
Saya ingin tahu daripada pegawai tinggi Jabatan Pengangkutan Jalan tersebut, kenapa “lampu depan kenderaan jenis “xenon” ataupun “H.I.D” diizinkan pakai, manakala menurut peraturan ataupun undang-undang jalanraya, hanya lampu-lampu jenis “kekuningan” saja yang sah digunakan.
Selanjutnya, saya juga menyoal, kenapa tiada tindakan tegas diambil terhadap pemandu-pemandu yang menggunakan lampu “haram” itu?
Pegawai tinggi JPJ itu sebenarnya tidak dapat memberi jawapan yang memuaskan. Kebetulannya, beliau mengulas: “Lampu jenis ini dipakai oleh anak-anak pegawai tingggi serta golongan kerabat. Jadi, macammana pula tindakan dapat dijalankan?
Sepertimana saya telah ulaskan awal-awal lagi, lampu-lampu “xenon” ataupun “H.I.D” yang bercorak putih pelepah dan mengganggu penglihatan pemandu-pemandu lain, sudah menimbulkan pertikaian di kalangan pemandu-pemandu di Malaysia lama lagi.
Pihak Jabatan Pengangkutan Jalan telah membuat keputusan mengeluarkan penjelasan melalui suatu artikel yang berjudul “Lampu-lampu Jenis H.I.D Yang Diluluskan Sah Digunakan.” Artikel tertera di atas, disiarkan di suratkhabar The Star bertarikh Khamis 12hb Januari, 2012.
Sehingga kini sebenarnya, tiada siapapun yang mengetahui tentang penggunaan lampu depan “xenon” ataupun “H.I.D” di negara kita. Samada ianya “haram” mahupun “sah” tidak diketahui.
Artikel yang saya merujuk di atas kebetulannya dikeluarkan oleh Ketua Pengarah, Jabatan Pengangkutan Jalan, iaitu Datuk Solah Mat Hassan sendiri.
Sekurang-kurangnya, dengan keluaran artikel tertera di atas, orang-orang awam, khasnya para pemandu, kini menyedari akan kedudukan lampu-lampu jenis ini di negara kita.
Terlebih dulu, pihak JPJ menasihatkan sebenarnya terdapat 2 jenis lampu depan “bermasalah” yang digunakan di Malaysia pada ketika ini.
Apakah lampu-lampu tersebut pada sebenarnya? Lampu-lampu tersebut adalah:-
i. Lampu-lampu depan H.I.D yang dipasang di kilang-kilang pemasang kenderaan yang disifatkan sebagai “original”.
ii. Lampu-lampu H.I.D yang lumrahnya dipasang oleh kedai-kedai “assessori” di luar.
Orang-orang awam harus diperingatkan bahawa yang lampu-lampu jenis kedua merupakan “haram” ataupun “tidak sah” ataupun “salah” di segi perundangan negara.
Sekurang-kuranya, para pemandu-pemandu Malaysia kini tahu akan kedudukan lampu tersebut di negara kita.
Saya berpendapat bahawa, pemandu-pemandu termasuk saya sendiri, tidak akan marah terhadap penggunaan lampu depan jenis ini, mulai sekarang.
Dalam artikel keluaran Datuk Solah, beliau telah menegaskan iaitu sebanyak 269 kenderaan pelbagai jenis telahpun diluluskan oleh pejabat beliau untuk menggunakan lampu-lampu jenis H.I.D. Walau bagaimanapun, ini tidak bermakna, empunya kenderaan lain boleh mengejar ke kedai-kedai “assessor” untuk mula memasang lampu-lampu jenis “H.I.D”.
Ketua Pengarah JPJ bertambah lagi bahawa kesemua Kenderaan-kenderaan baru atau “model” harus melepaskan pemeriksaan “VTA” ataupun pemeriksaan Vehicle Type Approval terlebih dulu.
Pihak JPJ menerangkan, iaitu pemeriksaan VTA bertujuan menentukan bahawa sesuatu kenderaan itu telahpun mematuhi kepada kehendak-kehendak “antarabangsa”, khasnya sekali kehendak-kehendak UNECE serta peraturan-peraturan yang termaktub dalam “Vehicle Technical Regulation”.
Sayugia diperingatkan bahawa, Malaysia mempunyai peraturan-peraturannya tersendiri yang diubahsuaikan.
Pemeriksaan “VTA” merangkumi pemeriksaan apa sebenarnya?
Dalam usaha tersebut di atas, para pengawai Jabatan Pengangkutan Jalan akan memeriksa dengan teliti secara fizikal sesuatu model kenderaan serta tanda-tandanya berdasarkan kepada:-
i. Sijil-sijil yang disertakan, serta
ii. Laporan-laporan ujian yang disertakan yang dilampirkan oleh pengeluar-pengeluar kereta untuk kesemua komponen-komponen kenderaan. Ini termasuk lampu hadapan jenis H.I.D juga.
Hanya lampu-lampu depan H.I.D yang mencapai mutu UNECE akan ditawarkan sijil-sijil R48, R98 ataupun R99. Ini bererti bahawa kenderaan-kenderaan tersebut talah melulus ujian VTA yang diperlu.
Sepertimana dinyatakan pada awal-awalnya, kenderaan-kenderaan lain yang dipasang dengan lampu-lampu jenis H.I.D, kemungkinan tidak selamat ataupun “bahaya” untuk diguna. Selain daripada menimbulkan masalah penglihatan kepada pemandu-pemandu di jalanraya, soalan keselmatan kepada para pengguna juga harus dipertimbangkan.
Pihak JPJ juga berkata, tindakan-tindakan terhadap penggunaan lampu depan jenis H.I.D sentiasa dijalankan.
Kepada soalan bahawa pihak JPJ menjalankan operasi ke atas pekedai-pekedai “assessori” yang memasang lampu-lampu jenis H.I.D, Tuan Ketua Pengarah mengulaskan, tindakan ini terletak di luar kuasa pejabatnya.
Walau bagaimanapun, Ketua Pengarah bertambah, orang-orang awam yang mempunyai sebarang komplain terhadap penggunaan lampu depan H.I.D bolehlah menghubungi pejabatnya untuk tindakan diambil terhadap mereka yang bersalah. Yang bersalah akan diheret ke pejabat JPJ untuk tindakan-tindakan yang sewajar.
Pengulasan terbaru Jabatan Pengangkutan Jalan nampaknya telahpun mengkikiskan pendapat salah di kalangan para pemandu Malaysia. Orang awam, saya berpendapat, berada di kedudukan yang lebih nyata mengenai konsepsi penggunaan lampu depan jenis H.I.D ataupun “xenon” di negara ini.
Masyarakat atau orang-orang awam blog ini saya percaya, sudah tentu hendak menyampaikan perasaan terima kasih kepada pihak Jabatan Pengangkutan Jalan yang sudi memberi pengulasan yang manfaat berhubung dengan lampu-lampu H.I.D ataupun “xenon”.
The public may or may not be aware, vehicles used by both driving schools or institutes in the country, has to undergo a 6 month inspection exercise. Infact, all commercial vehicles such as taxis, lorries, trailers, buses and vans amongst others, are inspected by the PUSPAKOM authorities and as has been said, once in 6 months. Small vehicles, like motorcars are charged RM50 for the first inspection. If the above should fail its initial test, subsequently, it would be charged RM25.
Previously, inspection exercises were as a matter of fact, conducted by the Road Transport Department or Jabatan Pengangkutan Jalan. But as responsibilities and duties of the RTD increased, the department had no alternative, but to privatize or outsource the duty of inspecting commercial vehicles to PUSPAKOM.
The PUSPAKOM authorities today, has inspection centres all over the country. In Selangor alone, this blog writer is aware that PUSPAKOM has inspection centres in such places as Wangsa Maju, Padang Jawa, near Klang and Sungai Mangis, near Banting. All commercial vehicles are issued with a Puspakom discs after every stringent inspection.
These discs are then compulsorily attached to the front windscreens of all commercial vehicles, such as lorries, trailers, buses, vans and driving school vehicles, for the perusal and inspection of both the police and Road Transport authorities which conducts road blocks. Heavy fines are imposed upon vehicles which fail to adhere to such inspections.
Why are the 6 monthly compulsory inspections imposed upon commercial vehicles?
According to the Transport Department, it is believed that such vehicles have to be in good, mechanical conditions in order for accidents to be prevented. As one knows, Malaysia is reputed to possess one of the highest rate of accidents in the world. Such being the case, it is impertinent that such inspection exercises are indeed extremely necessary.
Before proceeding any further with this article, permit me to inform you what are the necessary documents that has to brought along during a PUSPAKOM inspection exercise. Ideally, remember to bring along:
a. The vehicle registration card
b. A letter of authority from the driving institute or school to which you belong
c. The previous inspection exercise result issued by the PUSPAKOM authority
Some representatives of driving schools or institutes in the Klang district prefer to take their vehicles for inspection exercises to the Padang Jawa Puspakom centre. Others, on the other hand, seem to like sending their vehicles to the Sungai Manggis inspection centre, near Banting.
For my vehicle’s latest inspection exercise, my colleague, a Mr. Bala, chose to take the vehicle to Sungai Manggis, near Banting.
Incidentally, my colleague, Bala was paid RM50 for his services.
All in all, my 1998 old Kancil, which instructor uses for providing driving tuition to students, underwent 2 inspections before it finally passed its inspections exercise.
For the 2nd inspection, my colleague Bala, was again paid a further RM50 for his services and RM 25 for the inspection exercise.
What should a vehicle being sent for an inspection undergo prior to being presented for PUSPAKOM’s inspection exercise?
I will inform you what he had to do. Other instructors may have to do things which might be different. It depends actually on the condition of your vehicle itself. All in all, one has to spend at least RM400- 500 to carry out repairs, servicing the vehicle and may be even changing a new set of tyres for the vehicle.
Inspection fees at the PUSPAKOM centre can easily total RM150, while runner expenses can easily come to another RM150.
A moderate calculation for the entire inspection exercise could come to a total of at least RM 600- 700.
What repairs needed to be done to the vehicle in question?
Firstly, obviously the brakes, both the front and the rear, hard to be checked and dust had to be removed. At times, certain brakes were infact jammed or leaking brake oil. Brake pads were most of the time worn out. They had to be replaced.
Secondly, certain ball joints were found to be worn out. This time around, the left wheel bearing was founded to be in poor condition. It was infact humming. On top of that, the connecting rod, was also found to be in unsatisfactory condition. This also had to be replaced.
Besides all of the above, the vehicle also had to have its front tyres replaced and also balanced. After that, the ‘alignment also had to be checked.
When all of the above had been carried out, the vehicle finally had to be sent for servicing at a nearby Mobil Petrol Service outlet. It costs RM20 per service these days. It should be reiterated that PUSPAKOM officials will check the cassis number and the engine numbers as well during the inspection exercise.
There are also other aspects of the vehicle that has to be checked as well. Signages, L signs, brake lights, indicators, 3rd brake lights, wipers, and the instructor’s emergency brake, ought to be checked as well.
At approximately 11.00a.m., the vehicle for inspection was finally sent by my colleague, Mr. Bala to PUSPAKOM’s inspection centre in Sungai Manggis, Banting.
And what was the result? Unfortunately, the Kancil FAILED the first, initial test.
What caused the above vehicle to fail its test?
PUSPAKOM in reality subjects a driving school car to a 5 point check. Amongst the things which is checked includes:
i. Checking its cassis and engine numbers
ii. The conditions of a vehicle’s brake system
iii. Its suspension system, especially the front portion of the vehicle
iv. Its alignment system
v. Over all vehicle conditions
It should be reiterated here that, a driving school vehicle is not checked for its engine condition as it is a petrol driven vehicle. The condition of its exhaust system, including pollution problems, only pertains to diesel driven vehicles!
Readers would like to know what aspects of inspection did my Kancil fail.
The Kancil, my friend Bala told me, failed in the following aspects during inspection.
i. Its alignment test. The JPJ felt its ‘alignment test conducted by private tyre shops or outlets, were not done satisfactorily.
ii. The left hand side front suspension system was discovered to be in poor or weak condition. Therefore it had to be rectified.
iii. Surprisingly, although the vehicle was sent for servicing earlier, the engine was found to be in dirty condition. The officials were unable to decipher to its failure eventually.
The afternoon after the Kancil failed its initial test, this instructor went to a 2nd hand spare parts outlet in Padang Jawa, Klang to secure an imported suspension part. It costs the author RM50. A new suspension set would have easily cost RM 150 at the least.
My current mechanic, Ah Siang, whose workshop is located at 2nd mile, Jalan Kapar, Klang, took nearly half an hour to assemble the 2nd hand suspension system onto my car. And what was the price I had to pay for the job done? RM 20 only!
After that the mechanic advised me I had to send the vehicle for alignment purposes. The alignment exercise, which I did at my usual tyre outlet at Simpang Empat, near Telok Pulai, Klang, costs me RM 10.
After all repairs had been done to the Kancil, the vehicle was once again sent to the service station to have its engine washed for a second time, in preparation for the Kancil’s second inspection date with PUSPAKOM, which was scheduled for Monday.
Even though the Kancil passed its suspension test the 2nd time around, it failed PUSPAKOM’s engine number test again. According to officials, they were still unable to see the engine number clearly. This led to the vehicle being sent to a nearby service centre outside PUSPAKOM’s inspection centre to have its engine washed again.
It was only after the 3rd inspection that the Kancil finally passed its inspection test!
Petronas, Shell, Mobil, Caltex, BP and Esso. Any driver or motorcycle rider must surely be acquainted with them. The latest fuel service station to join the Malaysian bandwagon supplying petrol or fuel to local consumers, must surely be Petron.
From my limited knowledge as a driving school instructor, this company, it is said, originated from the Phillippines. It is also believed that this latest service station has the support of a local businessman who happens to be one of the sons of our former Prime Minister, Dr Mahathir Mohammed, playing a major role in its establishment.
Today’s article on the topic of service station is specifically intended to highlight the important role it plays in the lives of the Malaysian public as a whole. First and foremost, petrol service stations has been in existence since a long while ago. And I in fact believes we owe this establishment some appreciation for its yeoman service to us drivers. I am sure the majority of the Malaysian public, both drivers and riders as well, would like to convey or extend some form of appreciation to it.
What in reality is meant by ‘Petrol Service Stations’ in Malaysia? And what exactly does it contribute to the Malaysian driving and riding community as a whole? For easier reading purposes, I will be itemising its contents.
1. Providing petrol or fuel
The presence of petrol stations such as Petronas and Shell, for example is to first of all to supply us FUEL or PETROL. Most stations supply us grade RON 95 or 97 petrol at varying prices. It also supplies transport vehicles such as lorries, trailers and buses DIESEL and NGV.
We see petrol stations of various brands located at each and every corner of our towns yet little do we realise how lucky we actually are. In the place where I reside which is in Meru Road, Klang, there exists at least three or four well known petrol stations in the likes of PETRONAS, BP, PETRON, all clustered together.
How convenient it is for all of us, more especially to this writer. Syabas or well done to petrol companies for the provision of such excellent services to all of us.
2. Providing motoring oils and other lubricants for motorists
Fuel or petrol or diesel are not the only commodities which petrol service stations provide to the Malaysian public. Service stations supply motor or vehicles other motoring needs, such as battery water, engine or lubricating oils of all sorts and varieties.
Lubricating and transmissions oils are easily available in quart tins as well as litre containers. A motorist, be it drivers or motorcycle riders, need not suffer the inconvenienes of having to visit ‘spare-part shops’. You can actually get everything you need from service stations such as Shell and Esso nearby.
From service stations, the public can also obtain other items such as radiator wash, car batteries, starter cables, polishing materials and anything your car needs. The list is in fact endless.
3. Some petrol stations even provide car servicing services as well:
If one is busy working, and you do not posses the time to clean or keep your vehicle in tip-top condition, do not despair. As they say, the service-station nearby is always there. For a small fee of some RM8 to RM20, the service station will wash, service your engine and undercarriage as well.
Most however, even do a good job of vacuuming and cleaning up the interiors of your valued vehicle. All it needs, is that you provide some 2 or 3 hours for the servicing services stations to do the job well. Nevertheless such servicing services as referred to above are unfortunately surely but slowly disappearing from the market.
Due to labour shortage, escalating costs and water shortages, this special service to consumers, may very well come to a halt in the very near future. If that should happen, what a waste it would indeed be!
4. Car repair services by foreman and mechanics are usually available at service stations as well
If you should be travelling outstation or maybe going back home to your kampung or balik kampung as we Malaysians call it, and should you be unfortunate enough to sustain mechanical problems of any sort, feel convenient to drop in to any service stations all across the country any time to get some assistance. There definitely would be a friendly and helpful mechanic around who would be ever ready to render you some help.
I was once crossing the remote town of Batangkali near Genting Highlands, when he met with a major brake failure. And with no money in hand, except a credit card, can you imagine what sort of predicament I was in?
Would you believe or not a considerate foreman was good enough to agree repairing my brake system for me. Finally, the foreman’s young assistant had to follow me in my old jalopy, a Toyota DX, to Rawang town (30 miles away) to the Malayan Banking bank to withdraw money.
To the kind-heart mechanic, whose name I do not even know, thank you, sir. You certainly saved my day. This driving school instructor sure is indebted to you!
5. Providing free services of air (pressure) and water to motorists
Many motorists may not be aware, service stations provide some very essential items which we Malaysian drivers and riders seem to take for granted. The items are non other than air and of course, water.
These items are provided by service stations for free! But unfortunately, how many of us drivers, really appreciate?
Has anyone of us ever taken the trouble to say ‘thank you’ to the service station personal or manager? Think about what I’m saying. Don’t you think it is about time we did something about our lackdasical attitude?
Before taking leave from this important topic of reference, yours sincerely would like to issue all of you readers a timely reminder. When using air or pressure dispensing equipment provided free of charge by service stations, make it a point to use the above items in a proper manner and with care. Don’t ever mishandle them wantonly.
Service stations spent quite a lot of money to upkeep the above equipment. Let us begin being fair to service-stations from now on!
6. Most service stations are in fact convenience stores as well.
In our country, most petrol stations act as a convenience store or a small supermarket as well. They sell almost anything you require. Newspapers, magazines, tin and packet drinks, even medicines too. You can get bread, biscuits, tidbits and as said earlier, spare parts and other motoring needs as well.
Do you know that some petrol stations even go to the extent of providing weary drivers hot drinks and refreshments such as Milo, Horlicks and Nescafe?
This is done especially during balik kampung season during festivals such as Hari Raya, Chinese New Year, Deepavali and Christmas time.
7. The provision of prayer rooms and toilet facilities, washroom as well.
Those of us who travel home to our kampungs or place of origin, must surely need prayer rooms, especially to cater for our Muslim brothers and sisters. Washroom, toilets and latrines are a sure find in petrol service stations all across the country.
This article highlights the important role played by petrol service stations in the lives of Malaysian drivers and motorcycle riders throughout our country. It is hoped that Malaysians will in the future had a better understanding of the role Malaysian Petrol service stations play!