The Malaysian Probationary Drivers’ License



If prior to the pre-Merdeka days, we used to follow the British style when providing driving tuition to potential drivers. Today, the industry and its “curriculum” tend to follow the Australian method.

The “Defensive Driving” or “Panduan Berhemat” in reality is an Australian concept of driving. It has proven to be an effective method in curbing accidents, especially in its country of origin.

Amongst the many rules and regulations of defensive driving is the use of the “P” stickers. But Malaysian “P” drivers are actually a lucky lot compared to Australian ones.

Australian “P” drivers, amongst other things are not allowed to:

i) Drive alone – During the probation period (2 years). They must be an experienced driver beside them.

ii) Drive at night.

iii) Must undergo another practical test after 1 year to ascertain their capability to drive.

iv) The necessity to stick “P” stickers in front and at the rear remains.

“P” probation period is 2 years. Newly “passed” drivers for Class B2 (Motorcycle) and D (Cars) have to have the “P” emblem displayed in front and at the rear of their vehicles.

Failure to do so might result in the authorities giving you a “Summon”. Getting such a summon is getting 10 Demerit Points, resulting in your license being suspended.

What is the colour of the “P” Sticker, one may ask. Car “P” stickers are slightly larger compared to motorcycle “P” stickers, where are smaller. Use the correct sized stickers or you will end up in trouble with the authorities. “P” stickers have the alphabet “P” in White with a Red background.

What must “P” drivers do during the 2 years probationary period?

a) Maintain a 0.00 alcohol content in their blood / urine / breath.

b) Have their “P” license along while driving.

c) Ensure “P” plates / sticker are affixed in front and at the rear of their vehicle.



What happens if your car has only 1 “P” sticker and you are unlucky to be stopped by the Police , J.P.J. or other authorities?

Well, its still an Offense. Believe me. I know because a “P” student of mine got a summon for it. He failed to realize the rear “P” of his vehicle had dropped off. The maxim seem to be – “Ignorance Is No Excuse”.

Use the “P” sticker till your probationary period is over (2 years). Then convert your “P” license into C.D.L. (Competent Drivers’ License) within 1 year.

Some students ask: “What happens if I’m using a motorcycle “P” for 6 months and then I get a car license?” Well, you will have put the “P” on for another 1 1/2 years (18 months).

What happens if a person has been using a “P” license for motorcycle for already 2 years and then get a D or car license? In this case, you need not drive a car with a “P”. Your “P” days are over.

There are some who find it difficult to get the “P” stickers. Actually, you can get them from:

i) Motorcycle shops.

ii) Spare parts shops.

iii) Bookshops even;

iv) From your Instructor himself.

v) From van selling “Driving School” material which comes on Test day.

And I might even chip in to help you. Click on the Contact the Author link above. Seeing you getting your “P” is better than seeing you get into trouble with the law.

To those of you who wish to know how to change your “P” license to C.D.L. (Competent Drivers’ License), the things required are:

i) Bring your MyKad.

ii) Supply 1 colour photo.

iii) Bring your “P” original license.

iv) 1 year renewal (RM30). Renewal can be made for up to 5 years.

v) Go to the nearest J.P.J. office to do the above.

vi) Your “P” license Cannot be done at the Post Office nor the MyEg agency.

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133 thoughts on “The Malaysian Probationary Drivers’ License

  1. P Driver

    VERY useful information. Can’t say the same for the JPJ site – spent more than a good hour navigating through each link, tab & button to figure out how one goes from PDL to CDL! Thanks very much, i’ll try their office in PJ!

    Reply
  2. Audrey

    found this site while trying to figure out where I’m supposed to place my P stickers – upper left corner on the front and back windscreens?

    Am impressed by this blog – really informative and much more helpful than ‘official’ sources :-)

    Also, very impressive effort by ‘the son’! Hats off to you, and to your dad!

    Reply
    1. admin Post author

      Dear Audrey,

      Thank you for your positive comment.

      As for your question, the “P” stickers are to be affixed on the “Left” hand corner of the front windscreen and rear windscreen also “Left” hand corner.

      By putting the “P” stickers on the top left position, it will not “block” the driver’s view.

      ‘Cikgu Yap

      Reply
  3. Zen

    Dear Cikgu Yap,

    I find your blog very helpful.
    I’m a foreigner. During the time that studying in Malaysia, I got my “P” driving licence and it’s going to be expired by 5/11/09. Currently, I’m staying in Australia. I want to ask if it’s possible to ask my Malaysian friend help me convert my “p” licence to “C” licence ? What documents are needed in my case? And can I have the “C” licence on the same day I go to convert it.
    Thank you for your great work!

    Cheers,
    Zen

    Reply
    1. admin Post author

      Dear Zen,

      Your “P” can be converted by either a friend, a runner or by a driving school.

      The documents required are:

      1) 1 copy of colour photograph.

      2) 1 copy of identity card or passport.

      3) The original “P”.

      4) Payment of RM30 for 1 year renewal. Payment can be made for maximum of 5 year (RM150).

      And Yes, your C.D.L. (passed license) can be ready in 1 day if you go personally.

      ‘Cikgu Yap

      Reply
  4. jason tang

    Dear cikgu yap

    Currently i am studying at Singapore and my “p” is going to expired on the 18 oct 2009. my question is what is the earliest and latest date i can change to “c”?

    Is it possible i can change my licence at johor jpj since i am from sarawak.

    regards
    jason

    Reply
    1. admin Post author

      Dear Jason Tang,

      The earliest date you can change your “P” license to a C.D.L. (Competent Driver’s License) is 18 Oct 2009. The latest is 1 year later which is 17 Oct 2010.

      Yes, you can change your license at Johor JPJ office.

      ‘Cikgu Yap

      Reply
      1. Jess

        This awesome information. My P expires today and I was googling how soon/late i can upgrade to CDL as weekends JPJ office not open and next week I can’t take any more leave because I’ll be going outstion till following Tuesday. Was worried will kena saman if i renew late.

        Question: Do I need to leave the P sticker on my car until I upgrade?

        Reply
      2. Ivan LJY

        How Long will it take to change the license from “P” to C.D.L? when will i be able to collect my C.D.L ? and what will the documents needed?

        Thanks in advance!

        Reply
        1. Cikgu Yap Post author

          It varies person to person. Normally it takes half a day if you do it on your own. Do read my other articles on ‘changing’ licences.

          Yap

          Reply
    1. admin Post author

      Dear Lyn,

      Firstly, get a new “P”. Then only apply for the C.D.L. (Competent Driver’s License).

      ‘Cikgu Yap

      Reply
  5. San

    I’ve already lost my P licence, and the P already expired, what should I do?
    How to apply for new P, and how much would it cost?

    Reply
    1. admin Post author

      Dear San,

      Firstly, get a new “P”. No Police report needed.

      “P” can be done at J.P.J. branches. Go yourself to J.P.J. office if possible. “Runner” or driving schools might face some problems.

      Bring along 1 coloured photo and your original MyKad.

      ‘Cikgu Yap

      Reply
  6. Kumar

    Hi This this site is very much help ful, I am expat, I have P driving license and it is going to expire next month.

    Do I need clear summons if I have any before applying for CDL?, will it be a problem If I go for CDL without clearing summons?
    How can I check that?

    TQ

    Reply
    1. Cikgu Yap Post author

      As a foreigner in this country, you are advised to follow the rules and regulation strictly.

      Preferably, settle all your summons prior to getting your C.D.L.

      To check summons, ensure which authority made the summons – the J.P.J., Police of Town Council.

      Reply
  7. William

    hi got a question here ,im local , do i against the rule when im driving with an expires 4 months P license ? the police just had fined me during a road block just now .

    Reply
    1. Cikgu Yap Post author

      Dear Maryam,

      For “P”, RM30 (1 year). Max is RM150 (5 years). Bring along photostat of your MyKad, and also 1 colour photograph.

      Reply
  8. John

    Hello,
    If I want to change my “P” to C.D.L., do I need to fill up a form first or I can just go to the JPJ counter and asked for the change? Thanks in advance.

    Reply
    1. Cikgu Yap Post author

      Dear John,

      Go to J.P.J. office. You will be given a Form (JPJ Borang 1). Do bring your MyKad, colour photo and original “P” along too.

      Reply
  9. Jenny

    i’m currently studying overseas. but my “P” license is going to expire at the end of this month. Can my family members help me to convert my license to a CDL?? What documentation they need from me??

    Thank you

    Reply
    1. Cikgu Yap Post author

      Dear Jenny,

      You family members can help you get your C.D.L. Supply the following item:
      a) Fotocopy of your MyKad
      b) Original P
      c) 1 colour photo
      d) Payment RM30 per year. Maximum RM150 (5 years)

      Reply
  10. Jay

    Cikgu,
    I heard that it’s possible for driving schools to handle conversion of P license to CDL. My P lisence will be expiring within a week, can i go to any driving school and let them handle this for me?

    Reply
  11. Deric

    Correct me if I’m wrong, but if I already finished my ‘P’ license a long time ago for car, and now I plan to take a motorcycle license, I don’t need to be on ‘P’ anymore? :)

    Reply
  12. Jamie

    Hmm… Useful information. I just passed my driving license recently (January to be exact), so my P license duration is from 1/2010 to 1/2012. Do I have to wait till it expire before I can convert it into an Australian one? How do I convert it? It sucks for not being able to drive in Australia…my P is a Malaysian P and I’m now studying in Australia

    Reply
    1. Cikgu Yap Post author

      Not all countries accept our license for conversion. To my knowledge, Australia and England are 2 of the countries that do not accept conversions.
      As for your “P” license, I doubt very much if you can be allowed to drive in Australia. The “P” system in Australia differs from Malaysia.

      Reply
  13. jen

    about the expiry date of my P license.Do I have to change it on exactly the expiry date or before the expiry date or after it?For example if my expiry date is 1 Jan 2011,then which is the most suitable date for me to change?before or after?

    Reply
  14. CL

    ive been studying overseas for 3 years and now im going back to m’sia

    however ive lost my P license, and could not convert it to CDL…

    do i need to resit the whole driving test to obtain my ‘P’?

    Reply
    1. Cikgu Yap Post author

      You could approach J.P.J. in Putrajaya to seek their advice. Cite your studying oversea for not renewing your “P” into C.D.L. Hopefully the authorities will listen to your explanation.

      Reply
  15. nuramadana

    dear Mr Yap,
    i was just wondering what i should do because i just lost my P license and im going back to Malaysia this May and i wanted to change my P to CDL. is there anyway i can still get my CDL without my P drivers license?

    Reply
    1. Cikgu Yap Post author

      First of all, is your”P” expired more than a year? If it isn’t, you could still convert it to C.D.L.

      Reply
    1. Cikgu Yap Post author

      Your “P” can be used still. You have to get a duplicate “P” first. Then only can your “P” be converted to C.D.L.

      Reply
  16. Joshua J S

    Cikgu Yap, I recently got my P license but just needed to ask; is there a penalty for putting the sticker in the wrong place? ie; bottom left instead of top or even on the right hand side?

    Reply
  17. Zoe

    Cikgu Yap, I am staying in Australia since 2005 and my driving licence expired on Oct 2007. Can I still renew my licence or do I need to take another driving test? If I can renew my licence online, which category should I select in the COLLECTION METHOD column? Thank you.

    Reply
    1. Cikgu Yap Post author

      The cut off time before your expired license becomes null and void is 3 years. Please read the following article ==> Malaysian CDL License Expired For More Than 3 Years

      You only have a few months to go. Go to MyEG web site to renew your license. Get them to send your renewed license your family or friend’s address in Malaysia. You can then ask them to courier the license to you in Australia.

      Alternatively, talk to the people in MyEG and check if they can send it oversea.

      Reply
  18. Ravi

    Hi. I am from India..studying in malaysia… i have indian driving license for bike nd car…. now i wanna buy a bike here,,, i wann apply for CDL… as i m experienced enuf,,can i diectly apply for CDL??…if so wat is the procedure nd pls tell me the cost nd wer to apply…I got the indian driving license in 2006 October….

    Thanks a lot
    Ravi

    Reply
    1. Cikgu Yap Post author

      Indian license D & B should be accepted for conversion to Malaysian C.D.L. Most J.P.J. offices have counters for such conversion.

      If you go personally, the normal cost are:
      RM30 – 1 years.
      RM60 – 2 years.
      RM90 – 3 years.

      Reply
    1. Cikgu Yap Post author

      Try sending a fotocopy of your MyKad to your family back home. Supply 1 copy of coloured photo of yourself. Ask a family to go to J.P.J. to get a copy of your license. If no family can help, get the service of a runner or driving school. The cost for lost license is RM20.

      Reply
  19. Lawrence Ling

    Hi Yap,

    I’m from Sarawak but living in Singapore for 3 years+ already..I’m thinking of getting a Car License.Can I do it at Johor? And how long does the course takes?
    And after getting the license do i need to do any conversion to be able to drive in Singapore?

    Regards,
    Lawrence

    Reply
    1. Cikgu Yap Post author

      Yes, you can do it in Johor. The entire course should take approximately more than 35 days. Malaysian license can be used in Singapore. However, don’t forget “P” is a probationary license. It’s up to the Singapore authorities to accept it or otherwise.

      Reply
  20. Sim

    HI there, i m sarawakian, i come to west malaysia for further study, and my P license has expired. How long can is the expiration permitted? Is it a year in my case?

    Reply
  21. Alvin

    Dear Cikgu Yap, my P licence is from 4/08 – 23/04/2010. So i should renew on the 23rd? or the 24th?

    And the documents that you stated such as coloured photo, does it have to be with the passport photo specification?

    Reply
  22. nuramadana

    hello again

    since i lost my original P license and only have a photocopy of it and i want to change my P to CDL, what should i do and where do i go to do this? is it going to be a problem since i only have a photocopy of my P?

    Reply
  23. Graham Bennett

    I am currently translating a PDL into English. At the end it says L.PERCUBAAN. I know percubaan is test but what is the L. short for? Abbrieviations are a nighmare for a non-native speaker!

    Reply
  24. Siraj

    Hello MR Yap , my P license is expiring on the 27th of this month , i would like convert it into international driving license , may i know what is the procedure ? and do i need to go for any test for it??/?

    Reply
    1. Cikgu Yap Post author

      Below are procedures you have to follow:
      1) Bring along original domestic license.
      2) One copy fotocopy of above (valid for at least a year)
      3) Original MyKad and fotocopy
      4) 2 pcs colour photo (passport size)
      5) Fill in form JPJ1
      6) Payment – 1 year (RM150)

      I.D.L. can be obtained from all state J.P.J. office. Also obtainable from A.A.M office too.

      Reply
  25. Rain

    Hi,

    How much does it cost to make P license. As stated by my agency, it is RM80 for 2 years.

    Can I apply it myself and get a cheaper price?
    If yes, how do I do this?

    Reply
    1. Cikgu Yap Post author

      Government fee for 2 years P cost RM60. Middle men ask for expenses, do not forget that.

      Go to any state JPJ office to do your P.

      Reply
  26. mydi_1202

    Hi….I’m a singaporean…n studying in Malaysia for most than 10 years…my question is…I’m holding a Malaysia License n own a Malaysia car…can I drive the car to Singapore?

    Reply
    1. Cikgu Yap Post author

      The answer to all your question is Yes, you can use your Malaysian registered car in Singapore.

      Reply
  27. Steph

    I’m a malaysian international student currently in Australia and my bag was stolen recently along with my Malaysian P license. How do I apply for a new one from here? Should I contact the embassy/consulate? Can I do it from Australia or will I have to do this in person back in Malaysia? Please and thanks!

    Reply
    1. Cikgu Yap Post author

      Regret you have not been careful regarding the safety of your driving license. Your duplicate driving license can only be done back in Malaysia and no where else. Try supplying a photostat copy of your Mykad, colour photos and try getting a friend or relative to get the duplicate license. Then send it by post to you overseas.

      Reply
  28. Steve

    Hi Cikgu Yap,

    I’ve lost my original driving license (the one that is expired with the photo) but I still have the small laminated paper thing that says my license is valid till 2012. How do I go about replacing my original license?

    Many thanks

    Reply
  29. jk

    My son collected his L licence from the driving school.Before he could start his driving lessons, he lost the L licence.Pls advise what to do in his case.Is a police report necessary?
    Thanks.

    Reply
    1. Cikgu Yap Post author

      No police report needed. Get your driving school’s help to get a duplicate copy. It should not be a hassle.

      Reply
  30. Ibrahim

    Hi Dear Cikgu Yap,

    thanks for the info, it really helps. but I would like to ask:

    I’m an expat (foreigner) studying in KL, Malaysia, I got P license two years ago, my P license will expire on April, 2011. I got summoned by the JPJ for not having ‘P’ sticker in front and at the back of my car. I don’t own that car, it was my friends’ car and I was picking up a new student from KLIA.
    My worry is, that offense ( not having ‘p’ sticker) will cause my P license suspended.
    I checked myEG portal and found that my Kejara points are 02, and my compound amount after discount is RM56.00. so the question is what is my demerit points, is it same as Kejar points which is 2. I heard if the demerit points are 10 for P license, the license will be suspended.
    I want to pay the summon and I’m afraid the suspension, what should i do in this case. I really need help, Thanks in advance

    Reply
      1. Ibrahim

        Thanks Cikgu Yap, what about the demerit points, how much demerit points that offense (not having P sticker) carries?. is the kejara points and demerit points same? Thanks in Advance.

        Reply
        1. Cikgu Yap Post author

          Not carrying Ps will be given 5 Demerit points. If strictly followed, 10 demerit points will suspends your P.

          Reply
          1. Ibrahim

            Thank you so much Cikgu Yap, you are so much of helpful. I really appreciate your efforts and time to offer help to others. by the way, is there a way I can check my demerit points online, whether in JPJ website or MyEG portal?

  31. Chan Kwai Weng

    What do you think?
    Cikgu Yap,
    My daughter’s “P” Licence has expired in March 2011 and she is in Australia
    pursuing studies. Can I renew her “P” to CDL on her behalf? What do I need to bring to JPJ? Your advice, please.

    Reply
    1. Cikgu Yap Post author

      Yes, you can renew your daughter’s P on her behalf at JPJ branch office. Bring along 1 colour photo, original P license. Normally, JPJ will not ask for owner’s MyKad.

      Reply
  32. AT

    Hi Mr Yap.
    Your blog provide me man information. Thanks for it.
    I want to ask can I used back the photo that I have used for my P license since I have extra of it or do I need to take new photo again?
    Thank you.

    Reply
  33. Sharon Phua

    Hi cikgu,

    This 3 years i;m staying in canada. Next sunday i will coming back to malaysia. my question is my malaysian lience was expired more then 3 years. How can i renew my lience? I do drive in canada and i have canadian lience. Do i still need to take the exam again? What the procedure to renew? i just stay a month and will going back to canada next month. Thanks

    Reply
    1. Cikgu Yap Post author

      Your Malaysian license has expired. You should have no problem converting Canadian license into Malaysian license. See any state JPJ office for the above transaction.

      Reply
  34. Jade Ko

    I have read this column and just want to ask something regards to my P license. I obtained my p license in 2008, and it was expired in the end of december, 2010.

    The problem is, before the expiry date, I had to go back to my country, Korea, for some family issues coming up in the end of december due to ergent calls from my parents.

    After the private matters settled down, I totally forgot about my driving license, but i eventually found out that it has been expired for nearly 10 months while iI was cleaning my room for moving my house. I started to wonder whether I still could renew my P license without re-sitting the any types of exams for driving. I asked few local friends, they said if it is less than a year from the expiry date, should be no problem. But still, feel a little insecure about the statement from my friends.

    I would be appriciated if you can give me the advice and the solution for this matter. :)

    Reply
    1. Cikgu Yap Post author

      Your P can still be converted to CDL if it is not expired for more than 1 year. If it ha expired longer than the above period, then you’ll have no choice but to sit certain parts of your test all over again. But you have to act fast.

      Reply
  35. May

    Hi, I’m currently studying in Australia. I just lost my driving license and I’m wondering what procedures should I follow to replace my driving license?
    Thank you!

    Reply
    1. Cikgu Yap Post author

      Your family or friends back here in Malaysia can apply for a duplicate copy of your driving license.

      Reply
  36. Kat

    I was wondering if I got a P license in Malaysia, can I drive in Melbourne, Australia on this license? Their website says nothing about P plate licenses, but says that overseas licenses can drive for up to 6 months. Any clues?

    Reply
  37. David

    Cikgu Yap,

    I’ve read the above about changing from ‘P’ to CDL license.

    My P will be expiring this 20th December 2011. But I will only have time to renew it the earliest at 23rd December 2011.
    Just a concern question, will I get a summon if so happen I was stopped at a random roadblock at 21st December 2011 ?
    Also, if I am able to do it at the 16th December 2011, can I do it ?

    Thanks.

    Reply
      1. Prashant

        Thanks for the reply. One more thing now I need not give the written exam right? Just need to attend the preventive maintenance lecture and start learning…

        Reply
  38. Sridhar

    I am(foreigner, non Malaysian) currently holding P licence and will expire in April 2012, I want to exchange it to Competent drivers licence but the thing is i am currently in Netherlands and I wont be visiting Malaysia during the expiry time of my P licence.
    Can my friend convert the P licence to competent licence by going to JPJ without me being there.
    Is it possible, or a private driving instructor can do this on behalaf of me?

    Reply
  39. Kenneth

    Hi Cikgu,

    I am a malaysian with a P license living in Singapore. Can I drive a Singapore registered car in Singapore as long as I have the P sticker attached?

    Thanks

    Reply
  40. Mohammad

    Is it possible to convert “P” to “CDL” on behalf of my friend? My friend is away from Malaysia and asking me to do it on his behalf. I do have his original P licence, photo, IC copy and authorization letter.

    Reply
  41. Eng Kiat

    Hi.

    I want to know a few more details regarding upgrading P license to CDL after my P had expired.

    1. Can I do it at pos office?
    2. What do I need to bring?
    3. The photo is taken on the spot or bring there? If taken there, any attire restriction? If bring own photo, any restriction also?
    4. What is the new rate? The new license is in hard card form right? Not laminated card anymore right?

    Reply
  42. Yeoh

    Hello, I am planning to convert my P license to CDL next week.

    Do we still need to prepare a passport size photo for that? And I’ve heard that they’ve now converted to white background instead of blue for the photo. Can I take the photo at JPJ instead of taking my own photo?

    Reply
  43. HJ

    Hi,
    I saw questions regarding whether family member can help the p licence card holder to convert to CDL while card holder is at other country and I know the answer is yes. But here is the problem, those questions were ask few year ago, I am not sure whether there is a change in rule, so can I ask my family member to convert my p licence on my behalf??

    Reply
  44. Dianne

    I have an Australian car licence and went and got a Malaysian licence. I then decided to get a B2 licence. I have passed this and been issued with a P class, so now hold two separate drivers licences in Malaysia, is this correct?

    Reply
    1. Cikgu Yap Post author

      Your Malaysian P should have been combined with your B2 license. You should in fact be in possession of 1 license only.

      Reply
  45. Tiffany

    Hi Cikgu Yap,
    Im going to KL now to get a renewal slip for my P license. However what do I have to do? How long does it take? Any advice is much appreciated.

    Thanks

    Reply
  46. Ari

    Hi Cikgu Yap,

    Just want to ask, can I upgrade my P license to CDL before its expiry date? Or should I wait for 2 years to get it upgraded?

    Reply
  47. azhar

    Dear sir?

    i am having a P licence which was taken last year september 2014. currently i am driving my father’s car proton persona.. do i need to add my name in insurance and if i buy a new car in my name, does my name will be included in insurance and am i eligible to buy a car in my name. planning to buy proton iriz. my age 25. thanks in advance..

    Reply

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