Drive Manual Car – Easy Tips For Beginners

Posted on June 14th, 2009

How To Drive A Manual Car For Beginners

This is the continuation from the article 11 Key Components Of A Manual Car. If you have not seen it, it may be a good idea to read it.



After adjusting the seating position and making certain the “reclining” position is correctly adjusted, the driver is advised to adjust the rear mirror and the right hand “side” mirror. Ensure that the back position of the car can be seen clearly.

Secondly, make sure the car is in “neutral gear” or “free”.

Turning the ignition key, three times to the right, will start the car. If this is your first time doing so, turn off the ignition and start the car again. This is to give you some practical practice on “how to turn the ignition key” correctly.

Next, accelerate slightly by stepping on the accelerator pedal. You can now hear the engine buzz rather clearly. Keep your right foot on the accelerator. If the accelerator is being stepped on too heavily or otherwise, either step or release the accelerator accordingly. The constant pressure on the accelerator pedal indicates that the car is now ready to “move off”.

The next step is to leave or take off your left foot slowly. In doing so, do make sure that the “heel” is firmly on the ground. Leave the clutch foot slowly to a point of 50%. At 50%, the car will move forward gently. As the car moves forward slowly, control the clutch and the car should be moving ahead gently and smoothly.

When the car has gained momentum (having gone 10 – 20 meters), it is now time to execute the 2nd gear. Repeating the familiar phrase, “Left foot down, right foot up (accelerator up)”, you will have to follow your instructor’s instruction until you can coordinate in engaging the gears.

Initially, you have to engage up to 2nd gear only. When you are at the early stage of learning how to drive a manual car, move the car 10 – 20 meter, you should stop, free gear and pull up the handbrake. This is followed by closing off the engine. This will be your practice.



The whole procedure is repeated all over. When you have mastered the technique of changing gears 1 and 2 well, you can now proceed to changing into gear 3. In the first few driving lessons, you will be taught up to 3rd gear only by your instructor. Leave gear 4 until a later date when you are better in driving.

The above suggestion is mine and mine alone. Other driving instructor may have their own ideas. They are free to decide otherwise. If you are planning to take up driving lesson near where you are staying, check out our resident instructors covering the selected area below:

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160 Comments • Posted in Driving Manual Car

Comments

  1. Mona Karipel

    Sir ,

    I would like to know which i should do first – to lift the hand brake up and then put the gear in the neutral after i clutch and brake when i wish to stop.

    My instructor always used to get me confused with this but from the webs related to driving instructions for a beginner i have learned that one should pull up the hand brake and then bring the gear to neutral when one wishes to stop the car after one has pressed the clutch and foot brake down.

    Please enlighten me on this .

    Yours faithfully,

    Mona

    • admin

      Dear Mona Karipel,

      Ideally, put the car into “free” gear first.

      Then, pull up the handbrake.

      ‘Cikgu Yap

  2. Sindhu

    I don’t understand when to go on full clutch. I have observed it is usually in the down gradient but the instructor insists on it a few other times too..

    • Cikgu Yap

      Dear Sindhu,

      Full clutch is applied when the car is extremely slow and starts to vibrate or jerk. Normally, instructors advise students to step on the clutch when going down test slope. The eliminates the car stalling.

      • rajeshri

        Really USEFUL. Thanks

  3. Monadas

    Good tips for learners.

    • Cikgu Yap

      Dear Monadas,

      Your positive comments are much appreciated.

  4. Farihah

    Dear CIkgu Yap,

    I just came across ur blog today, and I’ll be going for JPJ test this Thursday. I’ll always get easily panic. Do you have any idea to success in JPJ test with flying colours?

  5. Car Guide

    Excellent post. These guides should be compulsory reading for anyone driving on our roads and in our National Parks. Not only foreign visitors but our local drivers as well!

    • Cikgu Yap

      I am elated and delighted with your commendable comments. Thank you very much.

  6. ron

    any tips during driving up to hill? do i need to neutral my gear when car is stopped up there?

    i failed on this

  7. Law

    i would like to ask if there is an english version of kpp book…. i can’t even find it online at jpj website…. wish u could help me with links to download an english version of kpp book.

    • Cikgu Yap

      There’s such a book. Lately, it has been very difficult to locate it. Myself also finds it hard to get hold of it.

  8. Reena

    Hello there Cikgu Yap. Nice article indeed. But I have something to ask…
    When I was driving up the hill, the car have to stop at the yellow line right? And then, when I already balance the accelerator and the clutch pedal, just when I start to release the handbrake, my foot “terlepas” from the clutch pedal. What should I do to improvise that? Any tips?

    And also, what is the best position for feet on the pedals?

    • Cikgu Yap

      From my observation, you should have better control of your left foot over the clutch. Concentrate on your clutch. When it begins to vibrate (jerk), your mind should make it a point to fully control it.

      Regard feet on the pedals, the clutch foot (left foot) the heel should be on the floorboard. You only raise your toes up to 50%. Control the other 50%.

      In fact, a good / experienced driving instructor should know this technique.

      • liaw

        my instructor do teach me that there is one meter that you can look at. on the right side there is a meter 1, 2, 3….

        then normally it show more than 2 when u press on the clutch, raise your foot until the meter around 1 and control it (steady your steering n focus on the meter) . you can feel the car is moving. then press the accelerator, then can put down hand break.

        this meter thing really help as sometime when you raise your foot a lot (meter still shows more than 2) n the car still not moving, may be 2 things, 1: the gear not in, 2: need to raise the foot some-more.

        Hope it help.

  9. Neha

    hi,

    Just wanna knw if its a good practice to drive at 30-40 km speed, in the top gear…

    plz advise….

    • Cikgu Yap

      It’s a bit slow, but I guess it should be alright.

  10. Rajendra Singh Gour

    For beginner always drive with bare foot. It gives better judgement for applying presssure on pedal.

    After having long experience the wear shoes or chappals.

    • Cikgu Yap

      For your information, not wearing shoes when learning is against J.P.J.’s directives.

  11. liaw

    Hi,
    How do we break from 60km speed down a slope and meeting a traffic light in near distance (around 500m) , need to press break only @ clutch. n if need to press clutch, start from what speed?

    • Cikgu Yap

      Ideally, change down to gear 3. As you proceed downhill, apply brakes gently. Do not depress clutch. When nearing traffic light change to gear 2.

  12. Selina

    Hi…
    I have problem with traffic light and the roundabout. What should we do when we are facing this two obstacle? Lets say…the traffic light turn red, what gear to use or handbrake or what ever it is…..
    Please advise…Thank you.

    • Cikgu Yap

      At traffic lights, free gear and pull up the handbrake. When traffic lights turn green, release the handbrake and go.

  13. Yojana

    Great tips.

  14. John

    Cikgu Yap, would like to know how should i control my pedals during traffic jams…???

    • Cikgu Yap

      Assuming you’re using a manual car, you should ideally use gear one. Control the clutch slightly and changing between brake and accelerator.

  15. Green Apple

    Cikgu Yap,

    I just started learning to drive last week and tomorrow i’ll be having my third driving licence. Im a bit stress coz during the second driving practice, my Driving Sifu has been scolding me badly and i make a few mistake. I wan to improve my driving skill but im just a beginner but he assume as if i knew how to drive…

    I have problem estimating when to turn the steering wheel before i enter a road or turn to round about. I know it sound silly.. i juz dunno wat is my problem n my Sifu is mad with me…. feeling more stressful

    Please give me some advice Cikgu Yap.. im looking forward to your reply. Thank you

    Regard
    Poor Green Apple

    • Cikgu Yap

      You can do nothing except hope your instructor begin to understand your composure as time progressed. Concerning cornering, do not turn til you reach the point of turning. The proceed turning steering slowly two rounds.

      • Green Apple

        Thank you Cikgu Yap for your advices.

        Well,i went through my 3rd driving practice and things turn badly…
        My driving sifu doesn’t even bother to look at how i drive (my progress) and doesn’t seems to be interested to teach me.. I felt so disappointed. I thought his mood swing was over but after a few days he still have tat kind of bad attitude towards me.
        I started to discuss with my frens and some find it absurd as we (student) are paying them (driving tutor) to teach us in order to learn how to drive.. instead of being scolded and treated as a fool… Im so frustrated.
        One of my fren even told me tat she learnt for 3 hrs for the first driving practice and only after one week, she was lead to learn to drive on the road which is the opposite of me..
        I learned less than 1 hour for the 1st driving practice and after tat one hour , my sifu asked me to drive on the road already. i was so terrified. who is goin to responsible for any accident tat might happen …. which involves life and property…
        My friend suggested me to change my driving Sifu…

        My question is…Should i change to other driving sifu now after 3 times learning from my current sifu??

        I dunno who to turn for advices as well as to report this kind of bad manner and attitude of this driving tutor..eventhough i don’t want to make thing complicated.

        Cikgu Yap, based on your experience…what should i do????

        Thank you

        Frustrated Green Apple
        T.T

        • Stephanie Phang

          Green Apple,

          I am in EXACTLY the same situation as your. As for me, I can’t change driving instructor so I carried on with the lessons and it wasn’t a good experience each time. I would say change to another driving instructor if possible before he strips all your confidence away… as for me it’s too late and it’s now or never as I am going for the actual test on the 18th Oct.

          Stephanie

          • Green Apple

            Dear Stephanie,

            Im so sorry for us… maybe its juz our luck tat we got tat kind of tutor… Haiz (sigh)
            Wow, i admire your determination and courage for staying with your “nice” sifu and fight till d end… 18th Oct..thats a few days away already… well.. Wish you goodluck!!! Jia you
            Ok..ya, i already call up another sifu and might change soon.
            Be confident..be positive
            yup, nothing can bring us down ….

            Regards
            Green Apple

        • Cikgu Yap

          Sorry and unfortunate you’ve got an unsuitable tutor. Your friend correct. Change instructor if you have to.

          • Green Apple

            Thank you Cikgu Yap for the advice ..

            Thank you Stephanie for the sharing and advice….. (Wish u good luck for your test today ….!!!. God Bless.. Hope u got good news for us….)

            Cheers
            Green Apple

            • Stephanie Phang

              Dear Green Apple,

              Thank you for wishing me good luck for my test today. Unfortunately I failed unexpectedly on parking which I realised my own fault, I tend to rush while leaving the parking space. I’ve passed the road test though. More than half of the stress and anxiety had gone. I would go and repeat the test next Monday. Wish me good luck :)

              By the way, how’s your driving lesson? I hope things starting to improve for you. All the best :)

              Stephanie

  16. Ayad

    Hi,
    I wanted to ask if it is better, when driving a manual car, is it necessary for you to keep your foot on the clutch pedal at all times (however not always applying pressure)? Is it bad if you do so?

    Ayad

    • Cikgu Yap

      Not recommend at all to place foot on clutch pedal. It wears out the clutch plate faster.

  17. Green Apple

    Cikgu Yap,

    May i know what is the right distance to drive in the parking area before i side parking. Recently i always make this mistake. I can drive in the parking box but when i’m ready to drive out (where i put in gear 1 and turn my steering to right until full) , my front left of the car always hit the right corner tiang…. n i will be getting my test soon. I have this problem only starting recently… izzit because im too nervous?? or my skills is not tat good yet.

    My father told me , even-though those who had pass their test and got their P licence, they all are scared of side parking…..its normal… im so scared of side parking. the other section like the hills and test on road. im a bit ok and relax.. im having a difficult time parking.

    Im thinking …what if i pass and i still dunno how to park properly….coz when we learn parking, we learn based on the marks that my tutor taught us.. when we go outside and park … there are no marks/point that we can refer to as the point to stop. I so phobia of parking now.. Help!!!

    Dizzy Green Apple

    • Cikgu Yap

      Go to get your instructor to teach you well.

    • Mohammad Taha

      green apple
      u should use the same concept like u did when u were learning with marks. first u get beside the car in front of the empty space where u r parking. next,u reverse your car until the bonet of ur car is beside the front door of the car beside u. then steer to the left fully and reverse . look at the side mirror and reverse until the left end of the side mirror shows the headlight of the car behind the empty space. keep the steering straight and reverse until ur back tyres touch the white dotted parking line. then steer full right and reverse until appropriate. then steer left and drive on 1st gear to keep the car straight!

  18. Genul

    Hi, I just had my first lesson today. And my instructor couldn’t stant me anymore. I’m like the worst student she had ever taught.

    And I want to know about the hill thingy. From the start until the end of it, what should we do? Why do we do the ‘balance’ thingy on the top of the hill with pressing the clutch pedal together with the engine pedal?

    And a lot of other things which will be tested by JPJ. I’m so nervous.

    • Cikgu Yap

      Be patient. Stick with your instructor for the time being.

    • mohd

      hi i was also nervous. when uphill to put on the handbrake. keep cool. let the gear be in neutral. start the car normally by pressing the clutch fully and shift to 1st gear. then press the gas pedal lightly releasing the clutch slowly when engine makes lot of noise release the handbrake.

  19. kevin

    I just had my first lesson yesterday. We moved on to the highway IN MY FIRST DAY. That was freakin scary on my part, since I didn’t expect the clutch to be doing a lot of great stuff.

    Pressure was on my side though, and I got most of it pretty well. Also, I have trouble starting from first gear. Slowly releasing the clutch is on hell of a problem for me. Most of the time the engine gets shut off since I let it go too fast or I just don’t get it.

    • Cikgu Yap

      Your instructor should teach you the basics well before sending your on the road.

  20. val

    Hi Cikgu Yap,
    I am having problems with the car engine. How to prevent the engine from dies off? I get so panic driving on the road especially when facing traffic lights. I normally press clutch till the maximum then brake slowly but sometimes the engine still dies off. And when parking,should I press the accelerator while holding the clutch? If I dont press the accelerator, will the engine dies off?

    • Cikgu Yap

      I suggest you check your plugs and air filter. Ask your mechanic to retune your engine timing. If appears to be too slow.

  21. Selina

    Sebulan lalu saya beli kereta baru tapi ‘pick up kurang’ mcm kawan2 saya ckp. Saya dh ada lesen tp tak berani nak bawa pergi bandar. Saya cuma guna kereta tu utk ke tmpt kerja. Tempat kerja tak jauh, dlm lingkungan 5-6 km. Memang lah tak banyak kereta lain kt jalan tapi ada banyak bukit. Selalu mati enjin time nak naik bukit. Saya pula mudah panik, kalau jadi macam tu terus tak tau nak buat apa…Kalau guna gear 2, kena press minyak dari bawah lagi baru lh dapat naik. dah tu sampai je kt atas bukit bertemu pula simpang. Pernah sekali saya tak sempat tukar gear, saya guna gear 3 and then enjin mati kt tengah2 bukit tu. Saya angkat hand brake. Cuba nak naik guna gear 1 tapi masih jg tak dapat. I dont know what is the problem…Maybe x pandai imbang clutch dgn minyak kot…
    Ada apa2 tips utk saya, cikgu?

    • Cikgu Yap

      Nampaknya penggunaan gear semasa naik bukit tidak betul. Anda harus mencari seorang Cikgu untuk mengajar anda cara naik bukit dengan betul.

  22. Alice

    Hi Chigku Yap,

    When turning, should i press on the clutch or just break? My instructor said i should just press the break but it’s different from what i read in the internet. Please advise the correct procedure. I’ll have my road test next Wednesday.

    Thanks,
    Alice

    • Cikgu Yap

      Ideally you only step on the brake. Step on the clutch slightly should the vehicle jerks.

      • Alice

        Thank you very much for your reply. I was able to do as that and just passed my road test.

        The test was really nerve-wracking! For new candidates, i suggest that you ask somebody to tour you around the routes several times before the exam, recalling what should be done in each situation, like checking road signs,when to shift gear, break, accelerate, etc. You will have less worries on the day itself.

        Keep up the good work, cikgu Yap!

  23. Francis G.

    Cikgu Yap,

    How do you teach a slow learner who knows nothing about driving and keeps making mistakes on the coordination of alternating pedals, gears changing and steering wheel on the fourth day (the fourth time) of learning.

    Thank you.

    • Cikgu Yap

      Looks as if you have got a poor instructor who has not been able to teach you how to drive properly.

  24. Green Apple

    Dear Cikgu Yap,

    Its been about six months since i pass n got my driving licence but i still havent started driving coz i only managed to find a second hand car and i bought it recently.. My biggest concern is whether i should start driving on the road by myself ?? or should i contact back my driving tutor and ask him to teach me back n refresh back my skill first (but i might need to pay him a bit of fees for teaching me).. or should i just pick up my skill back slowly by myself (but my area always got traffic jams) .. felt tension n nervous when i face a lot of car and my skill are not fully develop yet..

    What is the next action i should take, Cikgu Yap??

    Thank you

    Regards
    Green Apple

    • Cikgu Yap

      Best if you can get a driving instructor to give you some refresher lessons. You might have to spend money on it, but that would be the best alternative.

      • Green Apple

        Thank you for your advice. I felt much more confidence with the guidances and advices from you, Cikgu Yap.

        Those who being taught by you are really lucky to have u as their driving tutor.. Thanks again

        Wish you and your family have a blissful weekend ahead. ^_^

        Cheers
        Green Apple

  25. Nicole

    Dear Cikgu Yap,

    I have a question regarding the parking and 3 point-turn test. Is that we only use the clutch will do for these test without step on the accelerator pedal at all? Even when we come out from the parking lot and straight towards the 3 point-turn?

    Many thanks for your advise.

    • Cikgu Yap

      Looks as if the method of 3 point turn taught to you isn’t the best method available. In fact, the accelerator should by right come into play as well.

  26. Ash

    Hi…

    When i am in the second gear and if i have to slow down suddenly (not stop) should i press the breakes only or the clutch as well? And again if i have to pick up speed from the second gear should i press the clutch again or just step on the accelerator?….please advis as i get confused when i am faced with the above situation….thanks…

    • Cikgu Yap

      Sudden stops in gear 2, ideally requires you to stop both brakes and clutch simultaneously to prevent engine stalling.

  27. Vivian

    Cikgu Yap,

    I’ve just finished my second driving lesson today,
    & things don’t really seem to go well.

    I am still confused about the break pedal.
    I wanted to slow down my car, so I released the accelerator pedal,
    but the car is still moving and did not slow down.
    I wonder should I press the break pedal ?

    But when I press the break pedal, should I press the clutch as well?

    And also I’ve got problem adjusting the steering when turning,
    I always moved to the other lane..

    I’m kindly looking forward for the reply.
    Thank you.

    • Cikgu Yap

      When you wish to slow down or stop, release accelerator and step on the brakes and clutch. Not stepping the clutch will cause the car to stall. Turn the steering a little bit faster to avoid going over to the right lane.

  28. Green Apple

    Dear Cikgu Yap,

    I am a beginner of P-licence driver, i did try out to drive around my residential area and my father who sat beside me point out and noticed that i have this problem, whenever i change gear, i will keep looking at the gear box which is quite dangerous coz the car kinda swirl a bit…but i was driving slowly so i did’nt notice… i have this bad habit since i was still learning how to drive…
    Cikgu Yap, how can i change gear confidently without looking at it, i felt so insecure because i have to make sure i change the correct gear , so i will glance at it….
    And i have problem with turning a corner, i almost swirl into a big drain the other day coz i was driving quite fast and i was losing control a bit.

    Green Apple T.T

    • Cikgu Yap

      When changing gears, you are not suppose to look at the gear. Your eyes should focus on the road. Only your left hand does the gear changing. Your instructor should have corrected your bad habit from the beginning itself.

      When driving, always keep in mind what gear you are currently in. Let’s say you are now in 3rd gear. To move faster, you’ll have to engage the 4th gear. To slow down, then remember to move down to 2nd gear. If unable to remember all these, then the only alternative is for you to get an automatic car. It will then solve all your above problems.

  29. Abinash rai

    a)What is the difference in releasing clutch in diesel vehicle & petrol vehicle?I had a Gypsy & i used to release half clutch 1st in upwards slope & then release the full clutch & then the Gypsy would climb down the hill without slipping backside even an inch but when i tried the same in power model Bolero the vehicle slipped backwards.Ours is a hilly terrain so during traffic the vehicle should not move/slip downwards while starting the vehicle because it will hit the other vehicle behind me
    b)also pl give me gear wise minimum speed required & maximum…

    • Cikgu Yap

      Each model has its own clutch characteristics. I suggest you leave up more clutch in your Bolero and see the difference.

  30. abirami

    Hai, good day.

    Sir, i would like to ask you, when i make turning, what gear i should use?
    The other day,while i was driving on a road, my instructor ask me to change to 3rd gear when i was nearing the turning. However, yesterday, he scolded me for not changing it to 2nd gear. He is so not consistent.

    All this while, he was bringing me to this rural area to learn side parking, 3 point turn and slope. The rural area does not have proper polls and the slope was shallower . recently i went to the driving institute and i was unable to perform at all. The roads are so much smaller….I was having hard time to make the turning. My instructor was complaining about how fast i forget all the details he taught and I have to start back from the basics. The fact is i remembered all the steps to do parking and 3 point turn. Its just that i was not able to perform.

    So, am I going to learn driving forever because I am just so bad at it?

    Thanks alot. tc.

    • Cikgu Yap

      For L turn, ideally use 2nd gear. For round corners though, you can use 3rd gear. You were unable going up the slope at your institute as the gradient there is steeper. Don’t feel disappointed. Persevere and I’m sure you’ll succeed eventually.

  31. Tej

    Hello Cikgu Yap,
    I have a question.My instructor tells me to not press to gas pedal when turning.But sometimes in the first gear the car goes so slow,I feel like I have to give it some gas.And do you use clutch pedal when turning tight corners ? Thank you

    • Cikgu Yap

      Ideally when turn, you should be in gear 2. Gear 1 is only for starting. Yes, you could use a little bit of clutch to prevent car jerking.

  32. Ted

    Hey sir I need advice. When you brake, do you press on the clutch first, then brake, or the other way around? Also, when moving from gear 1, is it necessary to accelerate a bit first before releasing the clutch slightly so that the car will move faster?

    • Cikgu Yap

      Ideally, step clutch first, followed by brakes. When changing gears, accelerate a little more, then step on the clutch and release accelerator.

  33. rose

    need your advice…when turning in roundabout wht gear shall I use? If I’m driving on gear 4 on normal road,suddenly if a car in front of me slows down & I can’t overtake becoz cars coming from behind,wht to do? Do I jst press de brakes to slow down or shift down the gears or how?…

    • Cikgu Yap

      In roundabout, you should ideally go down to gear 2. Should you have to stop, then go down to gear 1. Should you be following a car in front and it stops suddenly, quickly free gear and then engage gear 1. Yes, you have to press your brakes to slow down or even down or even stop. Change also to low gear, that is one.

  34. iamag

    Hello sir,
    My intructor told me to press the half-clutch while turning or slowing down.
    Is it necessary to do that?

    • Cikgu Yap

      It’s not wrong for your instructor to advise you as such. Stepping a little clutch can prevent the car from vibrating or jerking.

      • iamag

        Thank you sir :)

  35. Sakky

    Hi Sir,

    I am new to driving, and it has been only 2 weeks since I am learning.
    I am facing problems moving forward from Gear 1, as the vehicle is being shut-off. I released the clutch slowly as per my tutor’s instructions, but still the car is being off. Maybe the problem is due to the release of the clutch.

    And also, I am not aware of Reverse and Parking. Please suggest me some good tips for these. I have recently bought a car, and Alas, I cant drive it, as I am not yet perfect in driving.

    Waiting for your reply.

    Thanks,Sakky

    • Cikgu Yap

      Be patient. Try to follow you instructor’s advice. Parking and reverse steps will be taught to you later. I’m sure your instructor will be able to teach you the best he can.

  36. latha

    dear cikgu,
    i read all ur comments.it’s very very useful to beginners. just wanna ask onething.is it necessary to press full clutch and break while passing speed breaker??i wish u could help me in this…. and thanks a lot for giving so many tips to us

    • Cikgu Yap

      For new drivers, step a little but of clutch and apply brakes gently when crossing speed breakers.

  37. Tcool

    Dear cikgu,
    Iam from India. Just started to learn car driving. Iam able to drive in 3rd,4th,5th gear on highway and slow down and stop. My problem is stalling my car while driving in traffic.
    1)When Iam driving in 2nd gear and a pedestrian or car comes in front and I have to pause(not stop) should i press complete clutch and complete break or 50% clutch and little break?
    2) When Iam crossing the humps and Iam in 2nd gear should I press clutch completely and little break or 50% clutch and little break?
    3) When Iam taking a turn again should it be complete clutch and little break or 50% clutch and little break?
    4) When I have stopped (it happened to me )right in front of a hump to move the car should I press accelerator more than on the level road? Iam asking this because as soon as i release break the car was moving back and when i press little accelerator it was stopping. Please help me.
    Sorry Cikgu if my sentences sound repetitive.I wanted to put it that way to clear my doubts properly.

    • Cikgu Yap

      The answer to you questions are as follow:
      1) Press clutch fully and brake accordingly.
      2) 50% clutch and brake slightly.
      3) A little bit of clutch and brake accordingly.
      4) Ideally, change back to gear one. Step more accelerator. Leave the clutch more until the car is about to move forward.

      • tcool

        thank u Cikgu yap for so patiently answering each of my questions.Another doubt.When I am on uphill how do I prevent car from rolling back(this is in a situation where Iam holding footbrake instead of handbrake as i have to wait only for few seconds) .When I released foot brake it used to roll back. Can you please tell at what point should I release the footbrake and press accelerator

        • Cikgu Yap

          When on a hill and stepping on the footbrake, engage gear 1, have the clutch up slowly until car jerks slightly. Quickly move your right leg to step on the accelerator. With this procedure, the car should move forward. Nevertheless, the above method taught to you should take a little bit of practice.

          • tcool

            Thanks again Cikgu yap.God bless.Hats off to your patience for answering in detail.When I bring the clutch up and the car jerks as you mentioned and I move my leg to accelerator should I hold the clutch at the same point?

        • Cikgu Yap

          You can leave up the clutch a few cm more but control it well so that the car does not die off. It requires some practice. Practice makes perfect.

          • tcool

            Hi Cikgu Yap,
            I am much better at driving now. Thank you for your valuable tips. I wanted to know one more thing. While shifting gears why does my car jerk? This doesn’t happen from 1st to 2nd.It happens from 2nd to 3rd, 3rd to upwards and also while downshifting. I read on the net that it happens if the rpms do not match with gear changing. So how do I maintain the rpms(I don’t have the option of viewing the rpms in my car.I have to depend on engine sound) . My instructor had told me while shifting from 1st to 2nd I have to release clutch slowly and while shifting from 2nd to 3rd and 3rd to 4th I can release it fast. Some people told me I should release slowly for every gear shift. Some others said I have to accelerate while releasing clutch. But while changing gears I have to take my foot off the accelerator, press down clutch to the floor, shift gears and then release clutch, right? So while releasing clutch should I accelerate? And how should I do this process while downshifting without jerks. I am terribly confused.Please help me.

            • Cikgu Yap

              When changing from gear 1 to 2, leave your clutch up slowly. From gear 3 to 4 and 4 to 5, the clutch can be left up slightly faster a bit. When changing gears, leave up the accelerator completely. When you leave up the clutch, at half way mark, simultaneously begin to accelerate gently. This would eliminate the car from moving in jerky movement.

              • tcool

                Dear Cikgu Yap,thanks a ton for your immediate reply.I will practice accordingly.Kindly let me know how to do downshfting also.When I want to change from 4th to 3rd , 3rd to 2nd, my car jerks.I am applying break slightly when Iam in 3rd.But when I change to gear 2 it jerks. Should I apply the same technique of accelerating while releasing the clutch in downshifting?

                • Cikgu Yap

                  Your car jerks simply because you’re leaving up the clutch too quickly.

  38. jeyavarman

    hai cikgu yap..
    my heartiest compliments for ur answers..
    my question is can u tell us on the
    fuel consumption between auto and manual cars?
    which type will consume more fuel and at which situation?
    which cars people prefer the most?
    thanks a lot sir..
    i beleive ur answer will be usefull for potential car buyers..
    thanks a lot..

    • Cikgu Yap

      Auto cars should to consume higher petrol, about 15 to 20% higher compared to manual cars. Town use and driving more than 70 km/h along highways, are said to use more fuel. Some people prefer auto. I myself favour manual cars.

  39. kogi

    i am learning to drive car these few days…and it really drives me crazy…the engine always will stop when i stop at the BERHENTI signs…i am so confused with clutch.
    can you tell me when to fully step, slightly step and totally release the clutch?
    if the car jerks fully step the clutch will solve it right?

    • Cikgu Yap

      Prior to coming to a complete step at Berhenti signs, your left led should step down on the clutch completely, Failing which, the engine will stall. When do you step on the clutch? To step suddenly, step full clutch. Should car jerk, you step half clutch or slightly. In fact, your instructor should be advising you how to manipulate the clutch as you drive along.

  40. Nervous 50

    I am 50 years of age,finally learning driving,putting my fear aside and going forward to learning driving.My problem is when I stop at the roundabout than to start to move I fine it hard to go,by the time ilet go of the clutch and accelerate the cars start coming.My question is how to accelerate and with the use of the clutch at the roundabout without panicking ,how to know

    • Cikgu Yap

      Its never too late to begin. Press more accelerator to give the car more power for take off. Control the clutch well. Try not to panic.

  41. shima

    cikgu yap, saya boleh memandu kereta auto di jalanraya, tetapi semasa saya membuat latihan di memandu kereta manual saya sentiasa berasa debar setiap kali tukar gear. instructor saya sentiasa bawa 3 hingga 4 orang murid sewaktu membuat latihan dan memberi latihan pada masa yang sama, saya rasa latihan saya tidak memadai. setiap kali buat latihan memandu, instructor berikan kereta dan suruh saya pandu sendiri, sedangkan instructor yang lain sentiasa duduk disebelah pelajar ataupun sentiasa bersama dengan pelajar sehingga mereka betul-betul catch up. Sewaktu belajar mendaki bukit saya sentiasa fail, instructor saya ajar freekan gear and tarikh h/brake, tekan clutch masuk gear 1 and tekan minyak, sedikit demi sedikit lepaskan clutch, tekan minyak dan lepaskan gear, tetapi setiap kali saya buat, enjin kereta mati ataupun kereta berundur. Instructor saya juga ada mengajar murid yang lain tarikh h/brake sahaja dan gear biarkan di 1, thn lepaskan clutch dan tekan minyak dan lepaskan h/brake. Seorang lagi kawan saya memberitahu bahawa tekan clutch hingga habis dan tekan minyak jangan lepaskan clutch dan terus lepas h/brake. Kali terakhir saya buat latihan instructor saya tahu saya lemah dalam mendaki bukit tetapi masih tidak mengajar saya sampai saya dapt. Saya dah confuse tak tahu nak buat apa, sewaktu jpj test semalam saya ikut cara instructor ajar saya dan saya gagal. apa harus saya buat?

    • Cikgu Yap

      Cara pengajar mengajar 3 -4 orang sekaligus melanggar peraturan JPJ. Cara naik bukit pnegajar anda keseluruhannya nampak betul. Lepas masuk gear 1 dan lepas clutch, izinkan kereta enjot. Kemudian lepaskan sedikit clutch lagi. Kawalkan clutch baik-baik. Tetapi jangan izinkan enjin kereta mati. Pijak minyak lebih sedikit. Kemudian, lepaskan brek tangan. Sudah pasti dengan kaedah di atas, pasti anda akan berjaya. Kira susah nak lepaskan brek tangan, gunakan kaedah 2 belah tangan.

  42. asha

    ya betul…saya pun sama masalah seperti shima. Saya sebenarnya dah boleh bawa kereta auto di jalanraya. Tetapi bila belajar manual dalam latihan memandu memang confuse sikit. Tetapi saya buat bersungguh sugguh. Samalah, cikgu saya tahu saya boleh bawa kereta, oleh itu dia tidak pedulikan saya. Dia juga tahu saya ada problem mendaki bukit tetapi suruh saya buat latihan sendiri. Pada hari test, saya gagal. Sakit hati saya. Saya tahu ini semua pasal cikgu saya yang tidak pastikan muridnya betul betul boleh berjaya. Kita bayar cikgu mengajar untuk ajar kita sehingga kita boleh berjaya tetapi ada juga cikgu yang tidak mahu kehilangan anak murid.Mungkin mereka mahu kita bayar dan re-test semula. Kalau saya pass cikgu saya kehilangan seorang pelajar, sekarang dia sukalah tu saya akan bayar dan buat latihan dengan dia lagi. Saya betul-betul marah dan bercadang ingin cari cikgu yang lain.

    • Cikgu Yap

      Saya tidak dapat berkomen ke atas cara pengajar lain menjalankan tugas mereka. Saya bercadang anda berbincang dengan instructor berhubung dengan kelemahan naik bukit anda. Minta kerjasama beliau membantu anda dalam hai ini. Saya yakin hal ini dapat di atasi.

  43. Sarah

    Do i have to pull up the handbreak at a set of lights and everyime i come to a complete stop before releasing the handbrake in 1st gear and moving off again? An instructor told me i have to do so?

    Sarah

    • Cikgu Yap

      Although it’s not necessary, nevertheless, it is a very good practice to adopt.

  44. sim

    The next step is to leave or take off your left foot slowly. In doing so, do make sure that the “heel” is firmly on the ground. Leave the clutch foot slowly to a point of 50%

    Hi Mr yap

    can you further explain the above. Is the heel still on the ground when you release till half clutch meaning using ankle movement to release?

    For my case my heel are off the ground when half clutch and often i over release my clutch. is there a method to control the amt of clutch release?

    • Cikgu Yap

      I use the heel method to control clutch. Your instructor prefers the heel off the ground method. Should you be weak, you should seek your instructor’s help.

  45. tim

    how should i control the clutch in low speed situations, such as busy parking lot? lots of stop and go, people walking around, cars waiting for parking spots. should i ride the clutch and keep in 1st/2nd? Thanks, driving at consistent speed is easy, its these low speed control that i need tip.

    • Cikgu Yap

      Controlling a vehicle at low speed is very important. If you are unable to do so, then you should not use a manual car.

      • tim

        So what should i do, practice in a video game?

        • Cikgu Yap

          Ti improve your ability to control clutch and gear one especially, do this exercise. Enter gear 1, control clutch and move forward slowly without jerking. Then, engage reverse gear and move backwards, controlling the clutch well. Do it over and over again till you’re good.

  46. learner

    Hi Cikgu,
    Really helpful comments and answers from you. I am a learner, just done with 2 classes, I feel I got good control on steering, turning easily as I have driven 2 wheeler for about 8 years now, I understand it’s the same technique of gear changing as we apply clutch while up and down the gears, use clutch intelligently to control the drive from jerks along with braking. My instructor has not let me operate the gears till now, he takes care of gear shifting, however i apply the clutch and accelerator balance.

    What do you suggest me quickly get complete hold on driving on busy traffic? I really need to master driving in a months time, looking forward for your inputs

    • Cikgu Yap

      Learning up driving needs time and patient. I suggest you complete your course as per your instructor’s schedule.

  47. Koo

    Hello Cikgu Yap , What Should i do when I wanted to brake at the traffic light and the car speed was at 60 km h ,I so confuse changing the gear from 4th to 3rd gear? Brake 1st then control gear? I so Scared the car will shut off .
    How Should i do??

    • Cikgu Yap

      You should ideally slow down when approaching a traffic light. Going at 60 km/h when at a traffic light is dangerous driving.

  48. Ted

    sir i have failed my driving test twice now. i feel that i am not used to the exam cars as the clutch feels so much more different and must be lifted so much more to move. i make zero errors when driving with my instructors car, but when it comes to the road tests, i find it even difficult just to make the car move. i guess i am not used to other cars. what should i do to improve? thanks.

    • Cikgu Yap

      Ask your instructor to use various models of vehicles prior to your on coming test. Always remember test conditions are different. You tend to be nervous and therefore perform poorly.

      • Ted

        Oh so I can request to use other cars during practice?

        • Cikgu Yap

          If you have a concerned instructor, I’m sure he can arrange for vehicles of other instructors for you to use.

          • Ted

            the driving institute has the exam cars just sitting there. is it possible to ask my instructor to allow me to use one of them for my classes?

            • Cikgu Yap

              Your opinion is correct. But don’t forget, an instructor may have no control or right to use institute’s cars normally.

              • Ted

                Ah. I guess I will give it a shot and see.

  49. rhea

    thank you so much it helps me a lot

  50. Ted

    Thank you so much for your help. I am now a P driver. However, I am still far away from being a good driver. I would like your advice on this. There is a huge roundabout before my housing area, and I seem to have trouble driving through it smoothly as I enter the roundabout through a highway. This means that I cannot drive too slowly, but I find it hard to control the car. What should I do? The turn is almost a 90 degree turn and I find it very hard to turn. In fact, I almost got into an accident trying to drive through there everytime. Thanks.

    • Cikgu Yap

      Excuse my saying that you appear weak still in driving. Either get more lessons from a good instructor or a friend to assist you. Alternatively, change into an auto car it you have still not done so.

      • Ted

        Yes I have. Thank you. My father managed to teach me how to slow down steadily and overcome the huge roundabout.

  51. ET

    Dear Sir,

    May I knw the proper procedure when I wan to turn into a road from speed 60kmlhr or Gear 4 (For example L road)?I am very confusing on it… Should I 1. Open signal, 2. then clutch and brake, 3.Change to Gear 3 and then Gear 2? Can I change to Gear 2 only when I m inside the L road(After I have turning the steering)?.. or must I change to Gear 2 before I turn the steering/enter the road?

    • Cikgu Yap

      Ideally, the steps are:
      1) Signal first.
      2) 20 – 30 meter from junction, slow down.
      3) Leave up clutch slowly.
      4) Near place of cornering, enter gear 2.
      5) Negotiate corner.
      Always remember to change down to lower gears before cornering.

  52. ET

    Thank you :)

  53. DJ

    Hi Cikgu Yap

    I have completed driving coruse and have purchased a new vehical also. Whilst starting the vehicle my instructor has taught me the procedure to start the car
    1. After switching on the car press full clutch
    2. Engage engine in 1st Gear
    3. Release the clutch (almost 50% – I am not sure if it is a half clutch methid) until vibrations are felt on steering
    4. The car will start moving forward
    5. Then release the full clutch and then apply accelarator

    I have read on the internet that if I follow this procedure it will damage the clutch plate in long term. The correct method populated on internet is whilst releasing clutch apply accelarator slowly. I tried this method however many times ended up with the car stalling.

    I am bit confuse. Could you kindly suggest me which is the best method out of these 2.
    And if I follow the first procedure will the clutch plate damage ?

    Thanks
    DJ

    • Cikgu Yap

      do not be unduly worried. Clutch systems of vehicles can withstand a lot of stress.

      • DJ

        Thanks a lot Cikgu Yap.. That gave me lot of relief.
        Could you also kindly suggest which method discribed in my earlier query , should I follow whilst starting the vehicle.

        Thanks
        DJ

        • Cikgu Yap

          Your instructor’s method appears better. Follow him.

  54. Sharmaine

    Hi Cikgu Yap

    I would like to ask you about how to make a car go down a hill after I managed to make it stop uphill? I understand about balancing the clutch and accelerator but can you please explain it to me in detail? How would we exactly know when to pull down the hand break to make the car go downhill?

    • Cikgu Yap

      Your instructor should explain to you the steps well. My instructions would only make you further confused.

  55. Anand

    Good suggestions… :)

  56. Tinotenda 'Kish' Mutana

    I`d like to ask you how I operate those buttons in front of the car. They tend to be so many and a little confusing. I have never dealt with them before.

    • Cikgu Yap

      Ask a friend with similar with your car to assist you.

  57. Charles Bujaga Shimba

    Thanks for this program you give us on how to drive a car for beginner like i, I still need you procedure’s in driving since i am about to start in some few day’sbut i real need to know first through writings

    • Cikgu Yap

      Read through my articles carefully. Hope they’ll help you.

  58. RogerSrs

    Nice Tips

    What I confused is how to brake and accelerator.Is pressing the Clutch then pressing accelerator pedal to move ? pressing the Clutch then apply Brake to stop ?

    • Cikgu Yap

      To brake abruptly, ideally step clutch and brake. To slow down, dab or step the brake gently. No necessity to step the clutch completely, only slightly will do.

  59. Daniel

    Dear Mr. Yap,

    I have started my driving lesson and have driven on the road. I would like to know if I am caught in a traffic jam, how do I stop? I have problem with controlling the clutch and the car keeps stalling every time I try to press the clutch and brake, change gear as I panic.
    Could you give me any tips of a faster way to stop and move off?

    Thank you.

    • Cikgu Yap

      You have to realise that your inability to control the car well is ample evidence that you are still poor in driving. You should ideally, in my opinion, not be driving in the first place. Take extra lessons to improve yourself would be my advice.

  60. kamal

    I have a question I think all beginners will want to ask. How much RPMs u think beginners should rev to when moving off the car?

    • Cikgu Yap

      I do not encourage driving using engine RPM as a guide.

  61. Nasir Hamdani

    Dear Instructor!
    I want to know after how much time the gear should be shifted?
    And what is likely to happen if we drive a car in 4th gear to a long distance?

    Waiting for your precious reply.

    Nasir Hamdani
    Pakistan

  62. anis

    hi,
    cikgu yap..when we should change the gear to the other gear..because my instructor ask me to change the gear when hear the sound become roughly..but i cant hear it or know when the sound turn into roughly..

    • Cikgu Yap

      That’s why your instructor is your teacher. You’re currently inexperienced and as such cannot distinguish the high pitch sound of the car engine.

  63. ELIJAH

    Good tips congratulation.IV Never driven car and b in training sch send me tips on how to drive

  64. Palak

    Hi, Cikgu Yap, I find the article very helpful. Thanks to you.

    By the way, I’m having my second JPJ test this Friday, which means I failed the previous one (both Litar and Jalan Raya). My problem is I don’t know when to use 3rd gear and 4th Gear when I’m on the road (Jalan Raya) and what is the speed supposed to be. My instructor always says that I simply play with the gears whereas he should teach me when to change and why need to change. He will just say change to this when changing gears. Please advice me on when to change gear 2, 3 and 4 and what gear is safe to use when do turning (corner).

    Please help. Thanks

    • Palak

      Hi, Cikgu, I got another question to ask.

      Let’s say I’m using gear 4 on the road and I saw a left turn in front and I want to take that turn, which gear I must change to? Can I use gear 3 while slowing down and go on?

      Or

      if I want to change to gear 2, is it I need to shift to gear 3 first then change to gear 2 or I can directly shift from gear 4 to gear 2? which is the safest way to do?
      Please advice.

      Thanks.

      • Cikgu Yap

        My blog has articles on using gears correctly. Please take time to read it well.

  65. Satish

    How to keep hands, people says my hands are stiff while operating the steering

    • Cikgu Yap

      Dear Satish, Try to relax. hold steering firmly. Don’t hold it tight. The instructor has to adjust the steering from time to time.

      Yap

  66. ann

    Dear Sir,

    I am still a leaner. I have gone for 3rd class. But i am still having difficulty to start the car when i have stopped at the Berhenti Sign. Coz i step the clutch fully and slowly the brake. But whn i want to release the clutch to go again, the engine stops.

    I am not sure of how to continue back . Whether i have to slowly release the clutch and do i have to restep the oil. …..or just release the clutch so it will move smoothly.

    Please advise. M so down

    • Cikgu Yap

      Dear Ann, Each and every instructor has his techniques of teaching students the proper art of ‘taking off’ Your instructor has, I feel, not been able to help you much in this aspect!

      Yap

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